Weaving Loom and Its Types

For starters, a loom is a tool intended to weave thread and yarn into lovely textiles. They may be satin, twill, and plain weave (the three most common textiles in the industry). It all depends on the combination of technique and material used. Such variety is also present in the third factor that can affect textiles- and those are looms. They come in a wide array of selections and systems. The most famous are: hand looms, ground looms, frame looms, and rigid heddle looms. Some of the looms are small that even young children can use them. On the other spectrum, some of the looms are large in order to accommodate more details for better use.

In choosing what loom to buy or best place to find looms online and eventually use, bear in mind these five (5) factors: the kind of weave you want to do; the size of piece you intend to create (small, medium, or large in scale); the amount of experience you have in handling weaving looms; the space you intend to allocate for the weaving loom itself; and finally, the amount of time you’re willing to spend on weaving.

Different Types of Looms

Hand Looms

Experts say that this is the first type of loom to be created. This type is vertically twist-weighted. The threads are placed from a branch or wooden piece to the ground or floor. Weft threads are shoved into position or they’re pushed through the rod (this also acts as the shuttle). Each of the warp thread is raised and lowered one-by-one at the beginning of weaving process. The real process begins when a rod is inserted to form a shack or that gap between two warp threads. In this manner, the woof will easily traverse the warp quickly.

Ground Looms

Ground looms are horizontal. They allow warp threads to be interlocked between dowels (rows of dowels). Since they’re horizontal, the weaver must bend forward in order to perform the weaving task with ease. In this effect, pit looms (with a warp locked over the ditch) were created to allow the weaver’s legs be leveled with loom itself and positioned below.

Frame Looms

Frame looms are reminiscent to that of ground looms due to the former’s similarity with the latter. This loom is made up of panels and rods attached at its right angles in order to build a form akin to that of a box. The logic behind its shape is to ensure mobility and manageability.

Rigid heddle Looms

Together with a frame loom, rigid heddle loom is the type that is crisscross manifold. This loom usually features a harness with the heddles attached in the harnesses. The thread or yarn goes in alternate manner through the heddle and the gap between heddles. When the harness is being lifted, half of its threads goes along with it (same thing when the harness goes down, so do the threads).

Regardless of the size, a loom should be able to perform the basic application of clutching twist threads under great pressure. This shall enable progress of the strands’ interweaving process

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